Welcome to Kuwait
Allergy website
where you can find out many information concerning your allergic disease given to you in a simple, non-medical language.
Types of Allergic Diseases

Types of Allergic DiseasesAllergic disease can develop at any age, and genetics plays a key role in who will develop it. Studies have shown that 90% of atopic children have at least one atopic parent (i.e.: have either one or more of the following disease: allergic rhinitis, asthma, eczema, food allergy, urticaria, anaphylaxis, ... or others), and that 75% of children are atopic if both parents are atopic.

Symptoms of allergy differ depending on the site where mediators of allergy are released.

There are many allergic diseases, the most common of which are:

  • Allergic rhinitis
  • Allergic conjunctivitis
  • Asthma
  • Atopic dermatitis, or eczema
  • Urticaria, or hives
  • Severe allergic reactions (known as anaphylaxis) to injected or ingested substances
  • Problems secondary to allergy such as sinusitis and otitis media (ear infections)

Types of Allergic DiseasesAllergic rhinitis occur when allergens get in contact with the lining of the nose of a person who is sensitive to that particular allergen. Allergic rhinitis is characterized by congestion, itchy and runny nose, that maybe associated with watery, itchy eyes.
Symptoms usually persistent as long the person
continue his exposure to theoffending allergen/s.

Please see section of Allergic Rhinitis for further information.

Allergic conjunctivitis occurs when the eyes react to allergens with symptoms of reddening, itching and swelling.

Asthma is a chronic lung disease that affect millions worldwide and is characterized by coughing, chest tightness, shortness of breath and wheezing. When an individual experiences asthma symptoms, the inflamed airways become narrowed so it becomes more difficult to breath through it. Most asthmatics have an associated allergic nature to their asthma, with allergic rhinitis is considered a risk factor in developing asthma. Other things that may worsen asthma include respiratory tract infections, certain medications, exercise, change of weather, anxiety or exposure to irritants.

Please see section of Asthma for further information.

Types of Allergic DiseasesAtopic dermatitis, also called eczema, indicate a state of inflammation of the skin. Eczema symptoms include itching, reddening, and presence of an obvious rash on affected area. Symptoms begin in childhood in 80% of those with atopic dermatitis, & mainly during infancy. About 50% of those with atopic dermatitis develop asthma, and/or Allergic Rhinitis later in life.

Please see section of Atopic dermatitis for further information.

Urticaria, or hives, another allergic skin reaction, is characterized by itchy red bumps that occur anywhere on the skin, resembling insect bites. They rarely remain long in one site, and typically leaves without residual marks on the skin. Hives are often triggered by infection, certain foods or medications. Foods commonly associated with hives include nuts, tomatoes, shellfish, eggplant, strawberry and berries. Medications include antibiotics, analgesics, and others. Individuals with hives lasting more than 6 months mostly have no obvious underlying etiology. However, certain diseases may be associated with such conditions and need to be identified.

Please see section of Urticaria for further information.

Allergy to food may cause a severe and possibly life-threatening reactions. This risk is especially upon ingestion of the incremented food. The most common food allergy triggers are the proteins in cow's milk, eggs, peanuts, wheat, soy, fish, shellfish and tree nuts. Food allergy occurs more frequently in children than adults, with an estimated prevalence of 6% and 2%, respectively. Many of these children may lose their sensitivity to particular foods over time.

Please see section of Food Allergy for further information.

Anaphylaxis indicate a life threatening allergic reaction. It maybe triggered by foods, drugs, insect stings, latex, exercise, hormonal, or unknown causes. Symptoms of anaphylaxis include: rhino-sinusitis, flushing, tingling in the mouth, presence of red, itchy rash, feelings of light-headedness, shortness of breath, anxiety, stomach or uterine cramps, and/or vomiting and diarrhea. In severe cases, patients may experience a drop in blood pressure that results in a loss of consciousness and shock. Without proper treatment, anaphylaxis may be fatal.

Please see section of Anaphylaxis for further information.

Sinusitis and otitis media are often triggered by allergic rhinitis. Sinusitis is an acute or chronic inflammation of the nasal sinuses, which are hollow cavities within the cheek bones found around the eyes and behind the nose. Otitis media, or ear infections, is the most common childhood disease requiring physician care. If not properly treated, it can affect a child's speech and language development.

Please see section of Sinusitis for further information.